Review: Mare Nostrum
Mare Nostrum is Serge Laget's grand opus.
The story goes that for years Serge had dreamed of a grand game where players would control civilizations, raise mighty armies, exploit the natural resources of the land and advance through the ages in a grand quest to conquer the ancient world. All of this would be accomplished in a simple game that could be played in an evening.
Over a period of two decades, he worked on this game. It was his pet project and he continually refined the prototype. Eventually, the game was finally published as Mare Nostrum.
Latin for "our sea", Mare Nostrum is the Mediterranean, the ocean of the old world which forms the center of the game's beautiful map and was the central geographical feature of so many ancient civilizations.
In Mare Nostrum, each player adopts one of five civilizations: the Babylonians, the Romans, the Egyptians, the Greeks, and the Carthaginians. Each civilization comes complete with a compliment of caravans and cities as well as its very own hero. Heroes bestow their civilization with unique special abilities. For example the Roman hero, Julius Caesar, allows the Romans to build military units at a reduced cost. Caravans grant their civilization access to natural resources. Cities raise taxes for their civilization.
The goal of the game is either to be the first to build the pyramids, or else to be the first to purchase a total of four heroes (including the one you start with). To accomplish this, players must gather resources and taxes which they can use to improve their civilizations. To build the pyramids a player needs to be able to gather one of each of the twelve resources. Of course, this is no easy task.
Each game turn is divided into three distinct phases: Commerce, Political and Military. Each phase is controlled by a different leader. Each leader is determined by meeting a specific criteria. The Leader of Commerce is the player who has the most caravans and markets. The Political Leader is the player who has the most cities. And the Military Leader is the player who has the most military units.
In the Commerce Phase, players collect one resource card of the appropriate type for each caravan they have on the map, and one tax card for each city they have. Markets double caravan output in a province and temples double city output. After the resource cards have been distributed, the Leader of Commerce decides how many resource cards will be traded that round and then he supervises the trading. Players select the required number of cards from their hand, place them face up in front of them and then, beginning with the Leader of Commerce, they trade cards. The Leader of Commerce selects one of his opponents cards, then that player chooses a card from one of her opponents, and so on until all the cards are taken and everyone has swapped cards. A successful trading session will leave a player with as many different resource cards as possible, ready for the next phase.
In the Political Phase, the Political Leader chooses the order in which each player will spend his resources. Resources are spent in sets of three, six, nine or twelve. Sets are either made up entirely of tax cards, or they are made up of unique resource cards with no duplicates. If you can assemble a set of twelve, you can build the pyramids and win the game. A set of nine will buy another hero and the special ability that comes with him or her. Six will get you a temple or a city. Three is enough for another caravan, an influence marker (used to control a province on the map), or a military unit. But don't think that you can simply hoard your resource cards. Unspent resource cards are lost at the end of the turn and only two tax cards can be held over to the next turn.
At the end of the turn comes the Military Phase. The Military Leader decides the turn order and each player in turn moves his or her units and resolves combats. Combat is a very simple affair. Any province with more than one player's military units is "at war" and must fight, but unlike most games of this sort, combat doesn't continue until one player is victorious. Instead, each player rolls one die for each military unit in the province. Sum up the dice you've rolled and divide by five (rounding down) and that is the number of units your opponent must remove. And that's it. Combat is over for that round. Either one player wins, or he doesn't. If a player wins, then he can occupy or sack the province; but if not, then the province remains at war until the next round.
In Mare Nostrum, combat is often a poor choice. Generally, combat should be left for a last resource. It's so costly that to rush too soon into a war with a neighbor almost always spells doom. But because there are limited resources in the game, sooner or later you will be left with little choice. You're going to have to take what is "rightfully yours". Like all good multiplayer games, you might be wise to make some prudent alliances early in the game which you can disregard later when the mood suits you. Nothing satisfies like a good backstabbing.
Mare Nostrum nearly succeeds in its grand design. The rules span only four pages. The cards, markers and board are all first rate. The game is elegant, sweeping and simple all at the same time. And for a civilization-style game, it plays very quickly: typically under three hours.
There are a few flaws. While the game is well balanced for a full compliment of five players, it's not quite so nice with less. As is typical with games of this type, it suffers from a bit of a runaway leader problem. Fall too far behind and you're liable to stay there. There are places where the game mechanics don't really fit the theme. For instance, using livestock, fish and olive oil to construct a city doesn't really fit. In some ways it's an abstract game with a civilization theme tacked on. Also, trimming the rules down to four pages was perhaps a bit too ambitious, leaving a few too many rules inadequately explained. Players will probably want to read the FAQ, available on line at http://www.sergelaget.com/Anglais/SL/MareNostrum/MNFAQ.htm.
For me, those are all minor points. The question that really matters is: "is it fun?" I definitely think so. I can't think of a civilization style game I'd rather play, with the possible exception of Vinci.